HOW DOES A KNIFE GATE VALVE WORK
A knife gate valves is a component that utilizes a blade to cut through clogging of heavy liquids. These valves were designed to work in some of the most corrosive, erosive and abrasive environments in the world.
Knife gate valves were originally designed for the pulp and paper industry. Stringy pulp would get stuck between the wedge and the seat of a normal gate valve and prevent flow shut-off. Knife gate valves were specially designed with a sharp edge to cut through the pulp and seal.
How a Knife Gate Valve Works
Because of this highly effective design characteristics, knife gate valves have become invaluable when it comes to applications that involve viscous fluids, slurry and other systems where impingement is an issue.
Knife gate valves are used is a lot of processing plants today and come in large sizes which make it easier to handle thick flows of light grease, heavy oils, varnish, slurry, waste water and paper pulp. It's important to note that these valves do have low-pressure limitations and are designed to seat the blade into an elastomer seal once the blade cuts through the substances its handling. Thick liquids easily glide over these soft seals with no interference, however, when a solid mass or powder passes through the knife gate, the bulky, dry material ends up packing into the soft seals located at the end of the gate. When this happens, the seals eventually won’t close tightly enough. If this happens the seals will need to be replace.